The concept of health disparities is critically important to the rationale for providing culturally and linguistically competent health care. “Health disparities” are gaps in the quality of health and health care across racial, ethic, and socio-economic groups, as described by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Health disparities surely exist in genetic counseling practice, although there has been limited research, mainly in the area of genomics and cancer genetics.
It is particularly relevant for the genetic counseling community to consider the ‘big picture’ on health disparities. Some authors make the case that genetic factors probably play a minor role in alleviating health disparities. Indeed, they suggest that ‘overemphasis on genetics as a major explanatory factor in health disparities could lead researchers to miss factors that contribute to disparities more substantially, and may also reinforce racial stereotyping, which may contribute to disparities in the first place.” Access the following article to read more about this important perspective.
This section of the Genetic Counseling Cultural and Linguistic Competence Toolkit provides links to many resources to learn more about health disparities, especially from government sponsored sites.
We suggest beginning this section of the toolkit by reviewing the narrated PowerPoint presentation
on health disparities. (Depending on your connection speed, this file may take several minutes
to load.) This presentation is 50 minutes long. If you save it to your computer and click on slide
show, the slides will advance automatically.
Health Disparities slide presentation